The century-old changes and the epidemic of the century are superimposed, and the world has entered a new period of turbulent change. In the face of the tide of change, we should strive to break through the waves!
After a lapse of five years, China has once again assumed the presidency of the BRICS countries and will host the 14th BRICS Leaders' Meeting with the theme of "Building High-Quality Partnerships to Create a New Era of Global Development". President Xi Jinping will host the meeting in Beijing on June 23. This is an important meeting held at a critical period and has attracted much attention.
The five BRICS countries are the representatives of emerging markets and developing countries. The BRICS cooperation mechanism and content are increasingly enriched, and fruitful results have been continuously achieved. Under the changing situation, it is particularly important for the BRICS to strengthen unity. It is expected that through this meeting, the BRICS countries will further provide "BRICS power" for maintaining world economic stability and promoting common development, providing "BRICS solutions" for strengthening global governance and expanding cooperation among developing countries, and for addressing security challenges. , to maintain world peace and stability and contribute to the "BRICS power".
The headquarters building of the BRICS New Development Bank located in the World Expo Park in Pudong New Area, Shanghai (taken on June 17, drone photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Fang Zhe
Draw concentric circles for common development
The BRICS cooperation mechanism has gone through 16 years of development. At present, BRICS countries account for 25% of the world's total economic volume, 18% of trade volume and 25% of foreign investment. The "BRICS" has developed from an investment concept to an important platform for cooperation between emerging markets and developing countries, and has grown into "an important force that cannot be ignored on the international stage".
A container ship is loading and unloading containers in the Qianwan port area of Qingdao Port, a busy Shandong port (taken on June 15, drone photo). Qingdao Customs data shows that from January to May this year, Qingdao's direct routes to BRICS countries completed a total of 830,000 TEUs, a year-on-year increase of 12%, of which exports increased by 26.1%. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Ziheng
Over the past 16 years, the BRICS countries have established the BRICS New Development Bank, established the BRICS Emergency Reserve Arrangement, and made every effort to maintain the multilateral trading system based on the World Trade Organization. contribute. The pragmatic cooperation under the BRICS mechanism involves various fields such as economy and trade, finance, science and technology, agriculture, culture, education, health, and think tanks. New cooperation results are emerging continuously, and they continue to contribute to global economic recovery and sustainable development.
At present, due to the combination of factors such as interest rate hikes in the United States, geopolitical conflicts, and repeated epidemics, the world economy has entered a period of high uncertainty, the development gap between the North and the South has widened, the momentum of international cooperation has weakened, and the implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has suffered serious setbacks. On June 7, the World Bank lowered its forecast for global economic growth in 2022 and warned of the risk of stagflation. Many economists believe that the global economy will face high inflation and low growth in the next few years.
The headwind is strong, and it is even more necessary for the BRICS countries to work together and move forward.
Models of smart cars made in China are displayed at the 2021 BRICS New Industrial Revolution Exhibition in Xiamen (photo taken on September 9, 2021). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Shanchuan
——The BRICS countries are working hard to comprehensively deepen economic and trade cooperation. In 2021, the total import and export of goods between the BRICS countries will increase by 33.4% year-on-year, and the total bilateral trade between China and the BRICS countries in 2021 will increase by 39.2% year-on-year, which is higher than the overall growth rate of China's foreign trade in the same period. This year, the BRICS countries have reached an agreement on jointly deepening customs intelligence cooperation, and strive to open up new channels for strengthening interconnection and improving trade facilitation...
——The BRICS countries are using innovation as the driving force for development. The BRICS countries regard the new industrial revolution partnership as a starting point, focusing on digital industrialization and industrial digital cooperation. The New Industrial Revolution Partnership Innovation Base was officially launched at the end of 2020. It has carried out talent training covering more than 120,000 person-times in 28 countries, and launched more than 100 BRICS demonstration projects...
On September 7, 2021, the BRICS New Industrial Revolution Partnership Innovation Base was unveiled in Xiamen. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lin Shanchuan
——The BRICS countries continue to focus on green and sustainable development. The BRICS New Development Bank will provide 30 billion US dollars in financial support to member countries in the next five years, of which 40% will be used to slow the process of climate warming. The BRICS Space Cooperation Joint Committee was established in May this year to promote higher-level cooperation among BRICS space agencies in the fields of environmental protection, disaster prevention and mitigation, and response to climate change, so as to achieve efficient data sharing and effective use...
This is the building of the Abelobarosh hydroelectric power plant project in Karelia, Russia, taken on May 20, 2022. The Belobaros hydropower project is the first project in Russia to be financed by the BRICS New Development Bank. Xinhua News Agency
As the BRICS presidency in 2022, since the beginning of this year, with the active support of all parties, China has successfully held more than 70 conferences and events, promoting important progress in BRICS cooperation in many aspects. These tangible cooperation achievements have contributed to the BRICS cooperation mechanism and laid a solid foundation for the 14th BRICS Leaders' Meeting.
Herman Laurel, founder of the BRICS Policy Research Association in the Philippines, said that through a series of macro-to-micro goals and projects such as investment, innovation, and market development, the BRICS countries continue to build consensus and form synergy. "The BRICS cooperation can help bring the world back to the development agenda at a time when some regional situations threaten to drag the world into a quagmire of recrimination and division."
A container is hoisted onto a freighter in the Qianwan Port Area of Qingdao Port, Shandong Port (photo taken on June 15). Qingdao Customs data shows that from January to May this year, Qingdao's direct routes to BRICS countries completed a total of 830,000 TEUs, a year-on-year increase of 12%, of which exports increased by 26.1%. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Ziheng
Expand the circle of friends of BRICS cooperation
Since the establishment of the BRICS cooperation mechanism 16 years ago, the BRICS countries have withstood the test of the changing international situation, and their international influence and attractiveness have been continuously improved. The significance of BRICS cooperation has long gone beyond the scope of the five countries. In 2017, during the BRICS leaders' meeting in Xiamen, China proposed the "BRICS+" cooperation model, and for the first time invited representatives of some emerging markets and developing countries to attend the dialogue. In 2021, the BRICS New Development Bank will expand its capacity twice, announcing the approval of the United Arab Emirates, Bangladesh, Uruguay and Egypt as new member states.
At present, the century-old changes and the epidemic of the century are intertwined, and economic globalization has encountered adverse currents. The international community is eagerly looking forward to achieving a more equitable, sustainable and safer development. The importance of further deepening BRICS cooperation has become more prominent, and the majority of emerging market countries and developing countries have a stronger desire to participate in BRICS cooperation.
This year, the "BRICS+" dialogue was elevated to the level of foreign ministers for the first time. China will also promote the BRICS parties to continue in-depth discussions on the expansion of the membership, expand the radiation and benefit scope of BRICS cooperation, and use the "BRICS+" model to allow more countries to catch up on the express train of development.
This is a wine barrel photographed at a wine estate in the Parr region of South Africa on September 21, 2021. China is one of the main export markets for South African wine. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lu Tianran
South African President Ramaphosa said that some countries have expressed interest in joining the BRICS cooperation mechanism, which fully shows that many non-BRICS countries have full confidence in BRICS cooperation. In their eyes, the BRICS mechanism is "aggressive" and "extremely attractive".
This is the wind turbine of the Dea Wind Power Project operated by China Longyuan Power Group South Africa Company, taken in Dea Township, Northern Cape Province, South Africa on November 22, 2021. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lu Tianran
Suddindra Kulkarni, former chairman of the Observer Research Foundation in Mumbai, India, said that in the changing international environment, the economic and political importance of some emerging market countries and developing countries is growing, which is important for regional and world peace. The potential to contribute to the cause cannot be ignored, and the inclusion of these countries in the BRICS+ will make this platform more representative.
This is a photo of a photovoltaic power plant near the southern Indian city of Hyderabad on April 10, 2017. Chinese companies provided some solar panel components and a complete set of automatic sunlight tracking bracket systems for the power station. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Bi Xiaoyang
Rozalia Varfalovskaya, a leading researcher at the China Socio-Economic Research Center of the Institute of Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, pointed out that since the launch of the BRICS cooperation mechanism, abundant economic, technological and financial resources have been accumulated. The "BRICS+" open cooperation model will further unleash the economic potential of the BRICS, thereby promoting the development of the global economy.
An important reason why the BRICS cooperation mechanism is becoming more and more vigorous and attractive is that it conforms to the trend of world peaceful development and the expectations of people of all countries for common development.
The BRICS Sustainable Development Big Data Forum was held in Beijing in a combination of online and offline methods (photo taken on April 26). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Li Xin
Development is the common cause of all mankind. President Xi Jinping put forward the Global Development Initiative in September last year, offering a Chinese solution to solving global development problems. This initiative has been widely responded by the international community. More than 100 countries and many international organizations, including the United Nations, have expressed their active support, and more than 50 countries have joined the "Group of Friends of the Global Development Initiative". The initiative has been written into the relevant outcome documents of the China-Pacific Islands Foreign Ministers' Meeting, the 30th Anniversary China-ASEAN Dialogue Relations Summit, the 8th Ministerial Conference of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation, and the 3rd Ministerial Conference of the China-CELAC Forum.
At the opening ceremony of the BRICS Foreign Ministers' Meeting held on May 19 this year, President Xi Jinping delivered a video speech, emphasizing that the BRICS countries "need to conduct dialogues and exchanges with more emerging market countries and developing countries, enhance understanding and mutual trust, and strengthen Cooperation bonds, deepening the integration of interests, making the pie of cooperation bigger and bigger, making the forces of progress stronger and stronger, and making greater contributions to the realization of the beautiful vision of building a community with a shared future for mankind."
People buy mobile phones at a Chinese brand Xiaomi store in a mall in Chennai, India, on October 8, 2019. Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Lv Xiaowei
Many analysts believe that the theme of this year's BRICS Summit "Building High-Quality Partnerships to Create a New Era of Global Development" is in line with the global development initiative. The global development initiative will go deeper and more solid, and development achievements will benefit more developing countries. Luis Paulino, an expert on China at the State University of Sao Paulo in Brazil, said that cohesive development, cooperation and solidarity are the common aspirations of the vast emerging markets and developing countries represented by the BRICS countries.
Seeking a common denominator of universal safety
The world today is neither peaceful nor peaceful, and the security challenges facing human society are more and more difficult.
In the traditional security field, while some old problems continue, new conflicts have emerged. International food and energy prices fluctuated wildly, and the global supply chain was severely "blocked".
In the non-traditional security field, various threats emerge one after another. The global epidemic is still ongoing, with the emergence of mutated strains of the new coronavirus, and the "immunity gap" between developed countries and many developing countries is still huge; global terrorist activities are experiencing a new round of resurgence; climate change risks continue to intensify; cybersecurity incidents usually.
Security is the common need of all mankind and the basic prerequisite for development.
This is January 19, 2021. Medical staff vaccinate an indigenous person with the Chinese new crown vaccine in Tabatinga, Amazonas state, Brazil. Published by Xinhua News Agency (Photo by Lucio Tavola)
The BRICS mechanism was born in the historical tide of the collective rise of emerging market countries and developing countries, and represents the direction of the evolution and adjustment of the world structure and international order. BRICS countries should play the role of "stabilizers" of the global situation, practice genuine multilateralism, and make important contributions to safeguarding world fairness, justice, peace and tranquility.
At the 12th BRICS High Representatives' Meeting on Security Affairs held in June, the five BRICS countries agreed to jointly promote the relevant plans and roadmaps for international counter-terrorism cooperation and cyber security cooperation, and maintain the central coordination of the United Nations in the global counter-terrorism cause. It calls for a more inclusive, representative and democratic global Internet governance system. In response to the severe challenges facing global food security, the 12th BRICS Agriculture Ministers Meeting held in early June reviewed and approved the BRICS Food Security Cooperation Strategy.
The new crown epidemic has once again proved that there is no isolated island of absolute safety in the world, and universal safety is the real safety. In recent years, the BRICS countries have continuously promoted the research and development, production and fair distribution of vaccines as global public goods, striving to bridge the "immunity gap", build a "BRICS defense line" against the epidemic, and demonstrate the "BRICS responsibility" to promote cooperation in fighting the epidemic. ". Evandro Carvalho, director of the Brazil-China Research Center of the Vargas Foundation in Brazil, said that the new crown epidemic has clearly shown that solving global problems requires cooperation between all countries.
The permanent site of the Boao Forum for Asia (taken on April 9, drone photo). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Liyun
Aiming at the issue of the era of "what kind of security concept does the world need and how countries can achieve common security", in April this year, President Xi Jinping proposed a global security initiative at the opening ceremony of the Boao Forum for Asia Annual Conference 2022, which contributed to China's efforts to make up for the human peace deficit wisdom. This initiative is guided by the concept of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security, with mutual respect as the basic principle, the inseparability of security as the important principle, and the long-term goal of building a security community. A new approach to security that is partnership rather than alliance, and win-win rather than zero-sum.
There will be times when the wind and waves break, and the sails will be hung straight to the sea.
It is expected that this BRICS leaders meeting will promote closer BRICS cooperation, enhance the quality of BRICS' high-quality development, and lead the BRICS ship to a brighter and better future.